Medicare 101

Medicare Part A

Medicare Part A generally covers inpatient care in either a hospital or skilled nursing facility.

  • Part A deductible: $1,408 (2020)
  • Part A coinsurance: $352 per day (days 61-90 in hospital, 2020)
  • Part A coinsurance: $704 per day (days 91-150 in hospital, 2020)
  • Part A coinsurance: $176 per day (days 21-100 in skilled nursing facility, 2020)

Medicare Part B

Medicare Part B generally covers outpatient care for services such as physician visits, lab services, radiology services, chemotherapy, outpatient surgery, etc.  One of the biggest gaps in Medicare is that Part B services have NO out-of-pocket maximum.

  • Part B deductible:  $198 per calendar year (2020)
  • Part B coinsurance:  Generally 20% of Medicare allowable charge
  • No out-of-pocket maximum

Medicare Part C

Medicare Part C, otherwise known as Medicare Advantage, is where Medicare benefits are offered by private insurance companies rather than Medicare directly.  Part C plans will always include benefits for both Part A and Part B and usually Part D.  Medicare beneficiaries have the option to choose a Part C plan to replace their Original Medicare benefits. Part C plans usually have a different schedule of  benefits than Original Medicare, but are required to offer, at a minimum, a level of benefits that is equal or better than Medicare.  Part C plans are overseen by CMS and typically change each calendar year.  Part C plans can be HMO, POS, PPO or PFFS which are simply terms that define the provider network and provider choice options.  Medicare Part C plans MUST be discussed with agents in-person as there are many restrictions that must be complied with as required by CMS.  You are not permitted to purchase a Medicare Supplement policy if enrolled in Part C.

Medicare Part D

Medicare Part D covers outpatient prescription drugs.  Each state has as many as 25 or more plan offerings for Medicare beneficiaries to choose from.  Part D plans are overseen by CMS but administered by private insurance companies.  Plans vary by price, deductible, copay amounts, formularies for approved drugs and preferred pharmacy choices.  The easiest way to navigate your Medicare Part D options when you are first enrolling in Medicare is to let the Medicare team at Creekside Insurance Advisors assist in your evaluation.  We will need a list of your current medications, your zip code of residence and your preferred local pharmacy – That’s it!  Call our local Virginia office at (800) 467-5425.

Medicare Supplement

Medicare Supplement plans (aka Medigap) are usually purchased in addition to Medicare Parts A, B and D, but they only supplement benefits for Parts A and B.  Medicare Supplement plans, while standardized, vary from company to company in a few areas.  Using a plan that automatically has claim rollover from Medicare is important in order to avoid having to submit paper claims.  Also, it is important to work with a local, Virginia agency in order to have someone in your corner if a claim is not paid correctly or if a claim was misfiled by a medical provider.  Rates also vary greatly from company to company.  The team at Creekside Insurance Advisors can instantly quote all company rates by zip code in a matter of seconds in order to find your best value.  Here are a few plans that we recommend for Medicare Supplement (aka Medigap):

Plan G:  Does is the most comprehensive plan for new retirees except that YOU must pay the Part B deductible first.

Plan N:  Does a very good job of limiting out-of-pocket, but requires you to pay Part B deductible, then $50 ER copay and $20 physician copay.  There is also up to 15% coinsurance responsibility if you do not use a Medicare assigned providers (which is rare, but possible).


It is important, especially as you get older and Medicare becomes even more complex, to have an agency with a Team that can assist you when the occasion arises.  Whether a claim is not paid or there is a future rate increase, Creekside Insurance Advisors is ready and eager to help you now and into the future.  By shopping more than a dozen companies, you can rest assured that you are receiving the coverage you desire at a rate you can afford.